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Full text of "The battle of Dorking"

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\A'a,- :ilS-. 3.2.3 



P 



HARVARD COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 



THE BEQUEST OF 
EVERT JANSEN WENDELL 

CLASS OF iSBa 

OF NEW YORK 




1875. 



lft2o 




h '[all of :rnijW? 



J 



THE BATTLE OF DORKIJS^G: 



REMINISCENX'ES OF A VOLUNTEER. 



DESTKITOTION OF THE ENGLISH FLEET. 
BATTLE OP DOUKING. 

GERMAN OCCUPATION OF LONDON. 

FALL OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE. 



By a Contributor to '-" Blackwood ^ 



Fifth Edition 



NEW YORK: 
G. P. PUTNAM & SONS 

1871. 



^ 






V 



t 

m 

1 



"».': 



■^ 



A«a.sS5^*f^^'l:^ 



SSCKB OF X TOLUHTBXB. 

vemment office meni~''* 

ere, for duty in tov 

r ; but the militia regii 

ole divipion, I was 1 

d file. We coald Bet 

f our division, and c 

■ies of Ro^ Artillery 

ing to the Tolonteei 

§. The cooler lur, the 

it strength of the posi 

hioh, I am not ashame 

sn depressed. It wta 

close with the enemy 

ad halting ominonaly 

se in those who had th 

o days the invaders 

iland, and nothing eSei 

done to stop them. And the ignorance 

Tolnnteers, from the colonel downwards, 

their movements, filled ne with nneaalnet 

not bnt depict to onrselves the enem] 

oat all the while firmly his vell-con« 

tttack, and contrasting it with our on 

purpose. The very silence with whic 

eai'ed to be condncted filled ns with m 

invhile the day wore on, and we beca 

iger, for we had eaten nothing since d 

visions came up, and there were no 

unissariat officers. It seems that wht 

Waterloo station a whole trainfal of ] 

wn np there, and our colonel propose 

trucks should be taken off and attachei 

that we might have some food at 1 

iier in charge, an assistant-controller, 1 1 

L-r-tbis control department was a nev 



36 THB BATTLtf OF DOBStl 

which did na almost as mnch harm as 
long run — said hts orders were to keej 
gether, and that he couldn't issue any 
department. 

ad tobacco smo 
onder ench cii 

d afterwards, li 

acks; it was n 

id nothing to ; 

yon, while we ' 

iled, the Genera 

ling ahont slo 

e common, lool 

ith valley. Oi 
coming, and a' 

td that led toi 

md a regiment i 

t in advance, and now drew up a 

18 ii 

M ai 

Mhii 

tloc 

use) 

t b; 

; an 

the 



oat 
bot 
>A1 
isiti' 
'as t 
Dild 



BCXNCBB OT A. TOLD: 

e poeitions. Such, i 
he facta, was to be t 
I hill, therefore, we 
we coald catch a 
illey below rnniung 
1 red were working 
I the Royal Eaginee 
le. On we marched. 

hrough which we pa 

was a pnmp on the 

% good drink ; and p 

wife and two or t 

uid handed us hnni 

I baskets. I got (he 

baskets must soon fa 

ras to be had till ii 

; indeed, moat of t 

Iready. On arriving 

drawn np in the street, and just oppo 

shop. Onr fellows asked leave, at i 

threes, to go in and buy some loavet 

began to break off and crowd into th( 

a regular scramble took place. If th< 

order preserved, and a regular distr 

they would, no doubt, have been st 

hunger makes men selfish : each man i 

ping behind would do no good — he ■ 

his share; so it ended by almost thi 

joining in the scrimmage, and the Bh.o 

in a couple of minntes ; while as for ] 

not get your band into your pocket ft 

colonel tried in vain to stop the row ; i 

were as bad aa the men. Just then i 

by ; he could scarcely make way for tl 



TBB BATTLB OF SOBKnTO : 



9t rather radely, and in a pasaioa he oi 
lebave properly, like soldiers, and not li 
ghfl. "Oh, blow it, governor," aaya '. 
am*t agoing to come between a poor 
" Wake was an articled attorney, ani 
say in those days, a cheeky yoong c 
Md-natnred fellow enough. At this epi 
follow^ by Bome more remarks of 
lOse about him, the ataff officer be< 

" Orderly," cried he to the lancer ri 
"take that man to the provoat-mar 
ir," he aaid, turning to onr colonel, ■wh< 
lilent with astonishment, " if yon don't 1 

men shot before their time, yon and ; 
iTS had better keep tfaia rabble in a litbia 
" and poor Dick, who looked crest-fallen 
d certainly have been led off at the tail of 
s horse, if the brigadier had not come up 
. matters, and marched na off to the hill 
own. This incident made na both angry 
Hu We were annoyed at being so roughly 
r the same time, we felt we bad deserved it, 
lamed of the misconduct. • Then, too, we 
:dence in our colonel, after the poor fignre 
affair. He was a good fellow, the colonel, 
imself a brave one next day ; bat he aimed 
being popular, and didn't understand a bit 
and, . 

: — We had acarcely reached the hill above 
ich we were told was to be our bivouac for 
;n the welcome news came that a food-train 
It the station ; but there were no carta to 
nga up, so a fatigue-party went down and 
I supply to us in their arms — loaves, a bar- 
cketa of tea, and joints of meat — abundance 



^ BSHINISCJEirCBS OF ▲ YCXLUNTXBX. 12d. 

for all ; but there was not a kettle or a cooking-pot in 
the regiment, and we could not eat the meat raw. The 
colonel and officers were no better o£ They had ar- | 

ranged to haye a regular mess, with crockery, steward, 
and all complete, bat the establishment never turned up, 
and what had become of it no one knew. Some of us 
were sent back into the town to see what we could . pro- 
cure in the way of cooking utensils. We found the 
street full of artillery, baggage-wagons, and mounted 
officers, and Tolunteers shopping like ourselves ; and all 
the houses appeared to be occupied by troops. We suc- 
ceeded in getting a few kettles and saucepans, and I 
obtained for myself a leather bag, with a strap to go 
over the shoulder, which proved very handy afterwards ; 
and thus laden, we trudged* back to our camp on the 
hill, filling the kettles with dirty water from a little 
stream which runs between the hill and the town, for 
there was none to be had above. It was nearly a couple 
of miles each way ; and, exhausted as we were with march- 
ing and want of rest, we were almost too tired to eat. 
The cooking was of the roughest, as you may suppose ; 
all we could do was to cut off slices of the meat and boU 
them in the saucepans, using our fingers for forks. The 
tea, however, was very refreshing; and, thirsty as we 
were, we drank it by the gallon. Just before it grew 
dark, the brigade-major came round, and, with the 
adjutant, showed our colonel how to set a picket in ad- 
vance of our line, a little way down the face of the hill. 
It was not necessary to place one, I suppose, because the 
town in our front was still occupied with troops ; but, no 
doubt, the practice would be useful. We had also a 
quarter-guard, and a line of sentries in front and rear of 
our line, communicating with those of the regiments on 
our flanks. Firewood was plentiful, for the hill was 
covered with beautiful wood; but it took some time to 



4Mi«Lifa 



MDJISCENCBS 

rd to Dorking. 

sat ohalk-raDge 

t to the Medws 

re, where the 

S suddenly to t 

We stood on 

eastward towai 

1 what appeare 

ibove HB, and 1 

,0 which the pi 

headqaarters ( 

eloped steeply 

lich mns nearl 

d carries the 

Reigate, and ii 

le chateau, and 

uiDuauK Liviii it, was the litt 

in the trees, and rising up t 

other side of the valley, wh 

Common, the acene of yeaten 

t of the town of Dorking 

suburbs stretched away 

froat, calminating in a 

ich the grassy slopes of t 

nbs and trees to where 

I railway station was a 

I mills, of whose garden 

w, their little ornamental 

-glasses in the morning si 

park sloped steeply do 

led, through which ran t 

railway from Epsom to 

i sonth, meeting the Gu 

3t angles. Close to the ] 

:« station already mentit 



LB OF DOHElir 

d stopped the 
t (our left), an 
alk-hill again, 
he gap ia calli 
)od with vhicl 
I, and the top 
he natural stn 

glance ; a hi 
a stream in fro 
seemed made 
i;ap ; the groai 
I roads immeo 

a little valley 
1 gardens. T 
tion ; for althc 
1 the ridge co 
>oint and adra 
in two. Bat ; 
ind thus criti< 
have been stn: 
tition ; bat whi 
the peaceful bi 
;he oatline of 
massive crispn 
trees, lighted i 
shade. So thi< 
lem slopes of i 
ght have been 
as the more ii 
irith the BGeD« 
iber, as if it W' 

that it should 
cration of ou 
in prevented, 
i part of OUT ri 



; CO 

_^ .0 



r 



CENCK8 OF A TOLUUTKB 

this great calamity woi 
ipoBsible. Too late, ala 
ins in the parsble. 
Dot euppoBe the scene 
f : the camp was brisk 
got over the etresB of w 
; Te felt a uatoral enth 
BO Boon to take a part s 
ntry, and ve vera insp 
irce that was nowaBBem 
«Dded off to the rear 
iiDg np— volunteers, mi 
leard, had come down fi 
ad the night before, and 
Long trains, too, begai 
e gap, one after the oth' 
nuiiiia ana vomnieers, who moved up to th 
right and left,- and took up their poqjtion, n 
most part on the slopes whioh ran np fzon 
of, where we stood. We now formed par 
corps, we wera told, consisting of three < 
hat regiments composed the other tw 
[ever beard. All this movement we could 
position, for we had hurried over 
xpecting every minute that the battle won 
ow stood or sat about ou the ground n 
rms. Early in the morning, too, we sai 



m 



^■-ain come along the valley trom the direc 



ird, full of redcoats. It halted at the lit 
ur feet, and the troops alighted. We con 
^t their bear-skins. They were the Guan 
' einforce this part of the line. Leaving a < 
Urmisbers to hold the line of the railway 
he main body marched up with a springy 
he band playing, and drew np across thi 



fori 
inter 
ras e 
el U. 
,tol 
; waf 
iage, 
3ver, 

11 cc 



id tl 
conl 
efro 

ily.t. 

)1 BO 



rved 
nlan 

le s&i 
crow 



ilanl 
kna[ 



1 m ezd 
lary pa 
ithfalo 
doany, 
rt,faadi 
hat pla< 
Mwete'. 
)ini0; a 
fromdi 

lOfftO^ 

rompar 

sent V 

[ve«, Afl 

QdTraT 

ter; wl 

jht wen 

buiB unuual monu 

since we left Lorn 

tance of time, alt 

I can remember 

Thpv were both o 

on Sanday 

;ceijsful Ian 

' deepair, 

iken by sni 

th the hum 

B shores ; i 

<pt the best 

bed and di 

rcantile cr 



a check, ft 
iregnable ] 
, a force w; 
I raeh invad 



36 Tax BA.TTt,B OF DOBKIsa: 

them. And the sea behind, had no choice beti 
der. Let there be no pusillau: 
he fight maet be foaght ont 
one isane. England, expecta 
confidence the resnlt of the 
i Tolonteera, The writing ap 
rather inconsistent. The san 
int had Bent off 600 workmen 
a branch arsenal at Birminghi 
ne we had nothing to do, exc€ 
rhich we did every few minnt 
I farther to onr right, now ta 
o our left, as one order after 
, the line ; bnt the staff-officers 
letnally with orders, while the i 
ey moved about from one par 
it on almost incessantly. At li 
inns, the bands stmck np, an( 
>nr army corps came riding di 
I'seen him several times befoi 
frequently about the positioi 
he DOW made a sort of forma 
thin man, with long, light he 
as he sat on his horse with i 
icing down the line, at a littli 
e might be five-and-twenty ; I 
more than fifty years, and ha 
ices performed when quite an 
t he had more decorations thi 
le breast of his coat, and wo 
. nechlace round his neck. 
, he was dressed in blue, with 
-a bad plan, I thought, for it 
ous. The general halted bef 
ter looking at us a white, a 



or A TOLCHTEKB. 3f 

id a post of honor next her U^esty's 

Id ebow onrnelveB worthy of it, and of 

liehmen. It did not need, he said, to be 

;he Btrength of onr positioi 

perly held. Let ns wait ti 

3, and then the word woul< 

re everything, we mnst be 

I with onr colonel, we gan 

y where the Guards were d 

e thought, the battle will 

no aigna of the enemy; 

sultry, began to be very 1 

ty Bee the town below, and 

1y a confused blur, to whic 

ly made out. After a whil 

followed the general's adc 

and we began to feel less aa if everything 

keeping onr riflea firmly grasped : we wen 

arma again, and got leave to go down 

twenties to the stream below to drink. ' 

and all the hedges and banks on onr side of 

by our skirmishers, but the town had beei 

The position appeared an excellent one, ex< 

enemy, when they came, would have almost 

than our men. While I was down at 1 

column emerged from the town, making for 

We thought for a moment it was the ene 

conld not make out the color of the unif 

dust ; but it turned out to be our rear-guard 

from the opposite hills which they had 

previous night. One battalion of rifles hal 

minutes at the stream to let the men drink, 

minute's talk with a couple of the officera 

formed part of the force which had attacks 

on their first landing. They had it all the 



lEHUTTBCKITCES OV i. TOLmiTIBB. 

be enemy, as yet nnBeen by it" *■■ 

io far, things had not been 

mmbers and for That ire had ' 

review on Brighton Downs 

hpoghts were passing thron| 

in groups on the grass, some 

heir bread, some even asleep, 

had fallen into was suddenl 

ed firom the top of the hill on 

oase. It was the first time 1 1 

in fired, and although it is f 

liistle of the shot, as it left thi 

The sound was soon to be' 

b all jumped np at the repa 

lut the word being given, grai 

the leading files peering forw 

ling enemy. This gun was 

gin, for now our batteries i 

muug me uoe. What they were firing i 

see, and I am sare the gonnera coald not e 

selves. I have told yon what a haze had 

air since the morning, and now the smoke 

settled lite a pall over the hill, and eooi 

little but the men in our raake, and the oi 

gunners in the battery drawn up next m 

OD our right. This firing went on, I she 

neady a couple of hours, and still there 

"We could see the gunners — it was a troop 

lery — working away like fury, ramming, 

mnuing up with cartridges, the officer in c< 

slowly up and down jnst behind his gun 

oat with his field-glass into the mist. ' 

they ceased firing to let their smoke clear 

did not do much good. For nearly two ', 

go on, and not a shot came in reply. If a 



40 TBB BATlLS OF DOBEi: 

ttiia. said IMck Wake, who vtts my i 
he least The v 
e of musketry w 
3 at it, and verj 

our heads, and 

Up to this tini' 
V deployed Into 1 
Q the valley or ga 
the hill almost < 

had a. thick ban 
r part of the rej 
1 little way op 
he line, so the rig 
ied the op^ grae 
mt away at this 
We had been 
cashes on the top 
lear for firing ov 

however, a pan 
led the job. Mj 
18 beyond the she 

again, was the h 
then came a bat 

a great mass of 
ip to the big hou 

tbe firing begai 
•as took place, 
ly's artillery beg! 
)d we conld not 
Lhe shells over o 
nst beyond. An 
rdly tell yon. S 
;ne, it seems as if 

know, as we lay 
uld never pass an 



lB<mifCB8 or X TOLUKTSXB, 41 

plying their task, firing at the iiiTisible 
3ping for a moment except "it""! ""■f 
blo7 would be heard and 
or four of his comrades n 
The captain no longer n 
become of him I do not k 
d firiog for a time; tbey 1 
Y, and up rode an artillery 
aw, a very handsome man, w 
rk moustache, his breast <n 
iared in a great rage at the 

ada this battery?" he cried 

inry," said an officer, ridii 

toticed before. 

«fore me at this moment, st 

„ backgronnd of smoke, Sir 1 

on his splendid charger, his flashing eye, l 
pointing towards the enemy to enforce Bometi 
going to Bay, the yoang officer reining in his 
beside him, -and saluting with his right hani 
hie busby. This, for a moment, thfen a dol 
l>oth horses and riders are prostrate on the { 
round shot had struck all four at the saddle I 
of the gunners ran np to help, bat neither < 
have lived many minutes. This was not the 
killed. Some time before this, almost imm 
the enemy's artillery opening, as we were lyi 
something like the sonnd of steel striking si 
the same moment Dick Wake, who was next 
ranks, leaning on bis elbows, sank forward < 
I looked ronnd and saw what had happened; 
at a high elevation, passing over his head, ha< 
ground behind, nearly cutting his thigh oi 
-have been the ball striking his sheathed baj 



TBI BATTLB OF DO 

e noiae. Three of us carr 



till, on tl 
B the act 
and acl 
eTening 
96 of ih( 
at the ei 
regnlarc 
e body n 

firing a 

the colu 
It peopli 

top, whi 
ediug: p 
a red lii 
of fire be 
enemy h 
ifased or 
»ne, bat 
ing, and 
in it oan 
Bkinnish 
; along b 
ired in V 
; we CO 

np and 
lame oni 
Qt a ratt 
OBtly, ho 
in reply, 
ng doTT 
an order 
reserve c 
been, tha 
elmet-spi 
Bs they 



44 THK BAIT] 

tbem there appeared to fc 

bat in loose order, each 

ftnd then coming forward 

clattered on horseback uf 

men, give it to them ho 

^:;i ..1 A..» «a »n»T we i 

beflyi 

t be t 

oonel 

ktoti 

onld. 

ATebe 

«a and 

ly&Ui 

trenu 

bankt 

irwas 

idtaooi 

arpng 

Itwaa, 

'hichh 

light t 



vford I 
ighhit 
verjat 
!ided,a 
ang wi 
thronj 



07 A TOLUKTB] 

I yrtm liftiog 
ped me. I then 

his thigh w 
Btruck himwlif 
streaming dow 
in-water onder 
, lifting him n| 
gh the gate wh 
era our camp h 
mnst have cam 
>ort the broken 
ma, brave fello 
1 at all I cannot 
I than inyself ; 
f onr fellows, al 
md Wood met i 
n this we place< 
at he had got a 
leavour to take 



US to the ranks. " Ion really must not b1 
(ray, gentlemen," he said; ''pray keep 
" But we can't leave onr wonnded to be 
ind die," oried one of onr fellows. " Beat 
Srst, sir, he replied. " Gentlemen, do, pi 
regiments, or we Bhall be a regular mc 
3oubt he did not apeak too soon ; for besid 
straggling to the rear, lots of volunteers : 
ments in reserve were running forward ti 
whole ground was dotted with groups of i 
I hastened back to my post, but I hat 
notice that all the ground in onr rear was 
thick mass of troops, much more numeroi 
morning, and a column was moving down 
aur line, to the ground now held by the 



46 THE BATTLB OF DOBKJNI 

this time, although the muBketry had i 
tillery fire seemed heavier than ever; it 
overhead or bnrst aronnd; and I cbnfei 
' back to the friendl 
the bank, I noticed 
ion oar fire had ere 
atrewed with dead o 
icB of the fallen en( 
V getting dnsk — tl 
Q gallant Guards s< 
the line of their vi< 
e could have passei 
our brigade-major 
sappose his horae 
rour anns, Yolnnte< 
we found ourselves 
iketry fire. How 1 
>er, but we could d 
irmishers, about sis 
mong them; and t 
n check, for they wi 
re were protected 
know not how — I 
I gone wrong. " ■! 
(ime one ; and looki 
irere dark figures j 
and firing up slon 
e, who had come d 
, mnst have given ^ 
hers had got throi 
. How the next m 
whether it was wil 
oond ouraelves out 
;ling line about thi 
lat is, the other flan! 



4B THS BATTLE OF D 

describe, Tegiments and detach m< 
lew disorder. Most of as, I belit 
enemy and fired away our few rei 
It ...a tn« ^«^^ to t^g aim^ fortna 
emy had bronght ii[ 
oint-blank, wonld hi 
re conld see little 
ir Gre. In oar cpofa 
at immediately behin 
leers were in vwn tr 
leir shonts to us to 
could be heard &bov 
fased babel of sonn 
d his way through, 
he men brushing pai 
erate task; and the 
r to deploy and ad 
dim reeolleclibn of 
! front, and push oi 
e attempt to save t 
'ur adjutant, who b 
the regiment in the ■ 
I to lead us, OF at a 
if the hill in the reai 
met a vast crowd ol 
hurrying rearward 
le, and we. were bo 
before it was possib 
ns to an open spac 
i there we reformed 
[ing UB to halt, he ro 
ind out where the r 
lint, a spur of high ( 
teau. we looked dow 
J battle-field below. 



I. TOLmrrXBB. 

iMhefl from thi 

stray shell oac 
e were beyond 
;»ve time to tb 

df y of ezpec 
int of battle; 
yon do not tt 
tu are facing an 
Qsider whether 
I fightlDg for J 
tty mnob alike. 
eginB. But n( 
;h ve did not 
L gone against 
in must have c 

above all, we i 
lattle meant tc 

what had beo 
ion, too, Bet in 
yaelf, I had fou 
ayonet-wound 
left arm, just 
le. I rememti 
en we iost the 
til now, when 
as sticking to i 
i, and while wi 
f men and mi 
I ns told their 
>ack. At last 
) to na ont of 
d take np a p 
loold join in 1 

the morning ; 
and made our 



so ' THE BATTUE OV DOBKX 

best we conld. A fev scraps of newi 

onr leading section j 

a time, bat the e 
he line between ns 
It, and had ponred h 
•wing the line into 
lear Gnildford were I 
.nked. The regular t 
i to push OD aa fast 
and allow them to i 
ng. The gallant olc 
«n badly wotmded e 
1 off the field. ' Th 
; the household oe 
iers, bnt had got ii 
cnt np. Sach was 1 
weary column. Wl 
ine knew, and no on 
It must have been 
ead. Here we left 
>ad, and the block be 
painfnlly along ; Bei 
ig the railway by thi 
we supposed — such i 
gh to be picked np 
'psom. The night li 
>orm, with a cool a 
dng clothes, chilled 
was stiff and sore, 
ition and hunger. 
tter case; we had < 
before, and the bn 
away by the storm- 
i bottom of my bi 
o smoke. In this pli 



f A. TOLmrrsBi 

t guided OB in 
ind we lay doTi 
LI was here tak 

00 present on 
of these wen 

; but it was c 
[ifl oonfaeion of 

pass by, in t 
n with commis 

" Food ! " cri. 
>ed ap and sn: 
rliip them off; 
onteots of the 
"e preserved m 

bayonets. Tl 
at any rate we 
lame by with t 

1 spoke to ODr i 
y lade," sud hi 
int: &1L in, an 
jf." We rose ■ 
;y strong, and 
ilong the road ; 
ers or militiar 
h bundles, son 
ot ; here and t 
wherever ther 
Led soldiers, 1 

or carts break! 
own the confus 
med full of yo 
ing, or tfying 

choked up. ' 
B order, but tht 
> volunteer regi 



52 



THE BATTLE OF DOUUNG: 



had arrived from the north the previoti« niglit, smd had 
been halted here for orders, were drawn up along 
the roadside steadily enough, and some of thfe Tetreatmg 
regiments, including ours, may have preserved the sem- 
blance of discipline, but for the most part the m«fc 
pushing to the rear was a mere mob. The regulars, 
or what remained of them, were now, I believe, all in 
the rear, to hold the advancing enemy in check. A f^w 
officers among such a crowd do nothing. To add to the 
confusion, several houdes were being emptied of the 
wounded brought here the night before, to prevent their 
falling into the hands of the enemy, some in carts, some 
being carried to the railway by men. The groans of 
these poor fellows as they were jostled through the 
streets went to our hearts, selfish though fatigue and suf- 
fering had made us. At last, following the guidance of 
a staff-officer, who was standing to show the way, we 
turned off from the main London road and took that 
towards Kingston. Here the crush was less, and we 
managed t.o move along pretty steadily. The air had 
been cooled by the storm, and there was no dust. We 
passed through a village where oub new general had 
seized all the public houses, and taken possession of the 
liquor; and each regiment as it came up was halted, and 
each man got a drink of beer, served out by companies. 
Whether the owner got paid I know not, but it was like 
nectar. It must have been about one o'clock in the after- 
noon that we came in sight of Kingston. We had been 
on our legs sixteen hours, and had got over about twelve 
miles of 'ground. There is a hiU a little south of the 
Surbiton station, covered then mostly with villas, but 
open ^ the western extremity where there was a clump 
of trees on the summit. We had diverged from the road 
towards this, and here the general halted us and disposed 
the line of the division along his front, facing to the 




* ^'^ 



CKHCKS 

It of t1 

'e near' 
of the 
horee 
B &n 
kd as ^ 
itames 
I, the I 
1, and 
letowi 
omost 
dona 
36 dest 
t say 1 

tde, an 

Jim 

on a 
kbble a 
laenvrii 
,d? i 
lation 
futare 
Uled o 
We 
us the ' 
don, c 
iiee; a 
Tavmg 
s count 
I ezpei 
re, bnt 



4 TUB BATTLE OF DOKKIMf 

a b&d h&rdlT & cartridge left ; so he or 
came from the north, i 
us enongh Co make np 
off a fatigue party to 
18, while a detacbmer 
> foraging among the ^ 
loar they brought bacli 
e us a Blender meal a 
bonses were empty, an 
all eatables, BJid a gO' 

been between three i 
of cannonading begai 

could see the smoke c 
of Eeher and Claremon 
>B emerged from belo^ 
gnlar troops. There 

driven up the slope a 
lie knoll. There wert 
Dted eight gnqp amonj 

the line ; it was a bri 
, but the whole did nol 
e hundred men. Our 
loved a little to the r 
sently we were ordereij 
m on our right rear, 
o longer march with ' 
7 swollen and sore, am 
ned better than being 

battalion as best I co 
ras a goods shed a lit 
, a strong brick buildi 
isted. The rest of on 



\ 
\ 



3CESCES OF A TOLI 

1 ; and, in s few in 
ly np from Goildfoi 
It, the train paesed 
i rails, while the rei 
9 on each side. J 
ihed, and an engini 
Ic holes in the wall 
ily half-a-dozen of 
. ae we had no tools 
s were watching tb 
i active as ever, loo 
ird. The fatigne-pi 
tall baker's handca 
share. It contEUDei 
t. The meat and t 
cook. The loaves 
water in the yard, 
lonld have liked U 
ing very offensive, 1 
I sure I should not 
ile we were eating 
d us'of another dis 
vitnesBed ourselves. 
a whisper went do 
3n captured. We i 
ind understood 'the 
f this were true, of i 
8, we went back to 
was only our sec 
eady old soldiers, i 
9 about fire, and the 
Q on us made no b< 
of discipline, am 
r chance of success 
re ; but I think we ' 



C6 THE BATTLE OF 1 

to fight on as long as ve coald 
gave his spirit to everybody ; a 
manding vaa a very cheery fella 
we were oertwn of victory. Jut 
looked in to aay that we were as 
we mnst be sore and pepper tl 
more cartridges would soon ar 
steps and benches In the shed, ai 
men were standing, to fire thron 
while the Ime soldiers and othe 
guarding the second row. I sat 
DOt now use my rifle, and besidi 
than loop-holes. The artillery 
now on our position was from 
occupation for the rifiemea had 1 
was a crash in the shed, and I v 
blow on the head. I was almost 
could not make out what had 
shell had bit the shed without qt; 
but the blow had upset the step 
the men standing on them, bri 
plaster and brickbats, one of wh 
now past being *of nse. I couL 
could barely stand ; and after s 
make for my own bouse, on the 
one still there. I got tip, therefi 
wards. Musketry fire had now i 
were blazing away from the win 
from behind walls, and from th 
still standing in the station. A 
the yard were firing, and in the 
serve was drawn up. There, to< 
horseback, watching the fight tl 
remember having still enough se 
tion was a hopeless one. That f 



h^ 



OF A TOLUNTEBB. 

be broki"" *^"-""t' • 
inst giv« 

nr house, 
ayself so 
sing Tra' 
hen leadi 
1 broa^ 
promise 

this d 
lected ti 
■ieod — a. 
ay befor« 

1 would 
ee if I CO 
>UBe waa 
m my wi 
d a blaze 
)ped ia a 
ad been 
ood tfaer 
d socks I 
ocks, fail 
ih beaut] 
Taaes of 
iliar pict 
lidst of ^ 
Idy aa 1 1 
txistence, 
rpar of t 
g of the 
appeared 
d waa wi 

step at 1 
tefore, bu 



S8 TUB BATTLB Or DOB! 

came in. My appearance fiightenec 
as I did into the hall, my face and 
l>lood and dirt, I must have looked 
**■" "*•"•' 't he gave a cry and tn 
it stairs. Bnt he Bto[ 
; him back to his god-pi 
f np to me. Papa had 
IB very ill : mamma va 
ncy was in the cellar, 
i wanted to go to mam 
lall for a minute till I < 
I opened the bedroom di 
is body resting on the 
B wife's shoulder as etn 
heavily, bnt the pallor 
rostrate arms, the cla 
his month, all Bpoke oi 
d servant had done hi 
I his master home to dl 
iman was too intent on 
of the door, and as the < 
3d it gently and went < 
rthur to the shelter bel 
Too late I He lay at 1 
dis little arms stretched 
had not noticed the en 
, splinter of a shell must 
irway; it had carried a 
poor child's death mnst 
ed to lift np the little 
ta this load was too ma( 
vn I fainted away. 
■Avae to my senses agau 
i time I conld not make 
>r BQise time like one h 



ISUINISCEMOBS OF A TOLUNTSBB. 

o move. By degrees I becam 
iarpeted Soor of a room. All 
but there was a sound as o 
Lt last I sat np and gradually 
ent gave me intense pain, £ 
Lighly inflamed, and my clotl 
them dreadfully sore. At lai 
ray to the door, and, opening 
, for the pain had brought b 
ying in Traverses little writii 
[iHHage, into which I made m 
and the draving-room door « 
ten dining-room the glimmc 
id np the hall, in which half a 
d be discerned, while the ri 
>h men. The table was covet 
bottles; but most of the men 

r on the floor, a few were k 

and one or two with their helmets on wei 
at supper, occasionally granting out an < 
tweeen the monthfuls. 

"Sind wackere Soldaten, diese Englis 
.gen," Baid a broad-shouldered brute, si 
bunch of beef into his mouth with a silv 
plemeat I should think he must-have beei 
first time in his life. 

" Ja, ja," replied a comrade, who was 1 
his chair with a pair of very dirty legs on 
one of poor Travers's Jaest cigars in his n 
gut laufen k&nnen." 

" Ja wohi," responded the first speak< 

nic^t eben o schneU wie die Franz&sische 

" Gewiss," grunted a hulking lout from 

ing on his elbow, and sending out a olond 

his ugly jaws ;"and da Bind hler etwa guti 



OO TBB B&TTXB OF DOREimJ: 

"Hast recht, lange Pet«r, " anavered Dnn 
" wenn die Schnrken so gat exerciretiwie schtkl 
ten, BO wJren wir heute nicht hier I " 

"R«cht! recbtl" said the second; "das 
macht den gnten Soldaten." 

What more criticisms on the shortcomings ' 
fortanate ToluDteers might have passed I did n 
hear, being interrupted by a aonnd on the ata 
Travers was standing on the landing-place ; I 
the stairs to meet her. Among the many pi 
those fatal days engraven on my memory, I 
none more, clearly than the mournful aspect ol 
friend, widowed and childless within a few 
as she stood there in her white dress, coming fi 
ghost from the chamber of th^ dead, the candl 
lighting np her face, and contrasting its pallo: 
dark hair that fell disordered roand it, its beaa 
even throagh features worn with fatigue an 
She was calm and even tearless, tbongh the 
lip told of the effort to restrain the emotioi 
" Dear friend," she said, taking my hand, " I w 
to seek you; forgive my selfiahneaa in neglecti 
long ; but you will understand " — glancing a1 
above — " how occupied I have been." " ^ 

began, "is" " my boy?" she answered, an 

my question. " I have laid him by hia father, 
your wounds must be cared for; how pale and 
look I — rest here a moment," — and, descendii 
diniug-room, she returned with some wine, wMc 
fully drank, and then, making me sit down o 
step of the stairs, she brought water and liner 
ting off the sleeve of my coat, bathed and b ji 
wounds. Twas I who felt selfish for thus add 
troubles ; but in truth I was too weak to have 
left, and stood in need of the help which she 



BIOMUCSNCBe OP i. TOLI 

ad the dreBsing of my v 
elief. While thus tendiii] 
itenceB how matters stoo 
the little parlor into whi 
rried me, was full of bo! 
iway to work at repairin] 
1 off from fright ; bat th< 
and had served up anpj 
soldiers' use ; she did m 
d they were rough and I 
lid now go, she said, whi 
ook after my own home, 
herself, she wished oul] 
»ing there — pointing to t 
f her haaband and child- 
Bted. I felt that her a< 
DO nse as protection, am 
mow what had become 
■eaides, some arrangemen 
I therefore limped awa 
esB thanks on either side 
be reached by any onf 

he house there was a g 
stle ; many carta going a 
md Snrrey, evidently im]: 
and although no gas wai 
gston was well lighted 1 
ling at abort intervals in 
e dnty, some of them th 
. Almost the first of th 
an old gentleman whose 
h, from having frequent 
same train with him. H 
tent ofGce, I believe, and 



THB BATTLB OF DO&E] 
h a nrim fiifle and 8 Ic 

loDble neck 
Even in I 

being amt 
iv preseute 
^ penance fl 
ap the path 

now prcBen 
dth two En 
■ehind their 
«, and I Bte 
was the ma 
; on, to la; 
; Spitzbnbe 
ick me dowi 
boot," he Wi 
uld have b 
in officer w 
.mann," I c 
[>Une, to let 
The office 
ted the guai 
'e of other li 



' coaree ntt« 
ad did not i 
irefore intei 
t behind wh 
ming oat o: 
the enemy, 
ught tfaey w 
IB a wonder 
apt^n hear 
1 gc, and th 
B a fine sol 



[SCBNCB8 or A TOtPKTKBB. flS 

eed the insDlence of hia maimer, which 
16 greater becauae it seemed not inten- 
e from a Bense of immeasurable supo 

the lame fi-tiviiUiger pleading for hia 
16 captain of the conqnering army, 

view, an infinite gul£ Had the two 
leir fate oonld not have been decided 
laly. They were let go simply because 
rth keeping as prisoners, and perhaps 
thing withoat cause went agunst the 
le of justice. But why speak of this 
r? Had not every man who lived then 
humiliation and degradation ? For it 
y everywhere. After the first stand in 
■X they had got us on the march, the 
us. Our handful of regular troo|>8 was 
to a man in a vain conflict with num- 
ers and militia, with officers who did 
rk, without ammunition or equipment, 
tend, starving in the midst of plenty, 
ne a helpless mob, fighting desperately 
t with whom, as a manceuvering army, 
tdersdidjustwhat they pleased. Happy 

whitened the fields of Surrey ; they at 
:;he disgrace we lived to endure. Even 
rer known what it is to live otherwise 
, even your cheeks bum when we talk 
link, then, what those endured, who, 
her, had been citizens of the proudest 
'hich had never known disgrace or de- 
>ast it used to be ihat they bore a fiag 
lever set ! We had heard of generos- 
ind none ; the war was made by us, it 
nuat take the consequences. London 
lal captured, we were at the mercy of 



TBB BATTLB OP DORKING: 

, and right lieavily did they 1 
d I tell you the rest ? — of the ra 
the taxea raised to cover it. n 
this day? — the brutal frankn 
muBt give place to a new nava 
>rmleas for revenge? — the victc 
B quarters, the yoke they put on 
g that their requisitionB had a i 
legality ? Better have been re 
i soldiery themselves, than thro 
made the instmmentB for estu 
rough the degradation we dailj 
I hardly even now iiiiih ill Mill 
ft to ua to live for? Stripped of 
flie West Indies gone tq Americ 
[>arate ; India lost for ever aftei 
1 been destroyed, vainly trying 
n cut off from aid by their count 
[alta ceded to the new naval Fo 
, and in perpetual anarchy ant 
c at my country as it is now — iti 
silent, its harbors empty, a pre 
my — when I see all this, and 
n was in my youth, I ask myse 
a heart or any sense of patrii 
witnessed such degradation and 
!e was different. There, too, tht 
tribulation under the yoke of th 
s hardly more andden or violen 
Id not take away their rich soil ; 
lose; their broad lands, which 
lined to them ; and they rose a^ 
our people conld not be got to 
■osperity was — that it all reat^f 
lancial credit; that the course c 



60 



THK BATTLB OF DOBKIHG. 



iflta or as aristocrats who sought their own aggrandize* 
meat by wasting public money on bloated armaments. 
The rich were idle and luxurious; the poor grudged the 
cost of defence. Politics had become a mere bidding for 
Radical votes, and those who should have led the nation, 
stooped rather to pander to the selfishness of the day, 
and humored the popular cry which denounced those 
who would secure the defence of the nation by enforced 
arming of its manhood, as interfering with the liberties 
of the people. ' Truly the nation was ripe for a fall ; but 
when I reflect how a little firmness and self-denial, or 
political courage and foresight, might have averted the 
disaster^ I feel that the judgment must have really been 
deserved. A nation too selfish to defend its liberty, 
could not have been fit to retain it. To you, my grand- 
children« who are now going to s^ek a new home in a 
more prosperous land, let not this bitter lesson be lost 
upon you in the country of your adoption. For me, I 
am too old to begin life again in a strange country ; and 
hard and evil as have been my days, it is not much to 
await in solitude the time which cannot now be far off, 
when my old bones will be laid to rest in the soil I have 
loved so well, and whose happiness and honor I have so 
long survived. 



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